Juvenile polyposis syndrome

Juvenile polyposis syndrome is associated with the development of hamartomatous juvenile polyps in the gastrointestinal tract. Common symptoms include gastrointestinal bleeding, anemia, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. 
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Test Code 8604
Turnaround Time (TAT) 14-21 days
Number of Genes 2

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We offer family variant testing at no additional cost

for all blood relatives of patients who undergo full single gene sequencing, multigene panel testing or exome sequencing at Ambry Genetics and are found to have a pathogenic or likely pathogenic variant. No-cost testing of blood relatives must be completed within 90 days of the original report date. Whenever possible, more closely related relatives should be tested before more distant relatives.

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Test Description

BMPR1A and SMAD4 coding exons 1-11 and well into the 5’ and 3’ ends of all the introns and untranslated regions are analyzed by sequencing. Gross deletion/duplication analysis determines gene copy number for coding exons 1-11.Clinically significant intronic findings beyond 5 base pairs are always reported. Intronic variants of unknown or unlikely clinical significance are not reported beyond 5 base pairs from the splice junction. Genomic deoxyribonucleic acid (gDNA) is isolated from the patient’s specimen using standardized methodology and quantified. Sequence enrichment of the targeted coding exons and adjacent intronic nucleotides is carried out by a bait-capture methodology, using long biotinylated oligonucleotide probes followed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and next generation sequencing (NGS). Sanger sequencing is performed for any regions missing or with insufficient read depth coverage for reliable heterozygous variant detection. Potentially homozygous variants, variants in regions complicated by pseudogene interference, and variant calls not satisfying depth of coverage and variant allele frequency quality thresholds are verified by Sanger sequencing.  Gross deletion/duplication analysis of BMPR1A and SMAD4 using read-depth from NGS data is also performed. Any copy number changes detected by NGS are confirmed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) and/or targeted chromosomal microarray.

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