BRCA1 and BRCA2

Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) is an autosomal dominant cancer predisposition syndrome caused by germline BRCA1/2 mutations. Mutations in these two highly penetrant genes increase the chance for cancer of the breast, ovaries and Fallopian tubes, pancreas and prostate.
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Quick Reference
Test Code: 5892 Test Name: BRCA1/2 3-mutation panel TAT 6-10 days Genes: 2
Test Code: 5894 Test Name: BRCA 3-site reflex to BRCA1/2 TAT 6-10 days Genes: 2
Test Code: 8838 Test Name: BRCA1/2 seq and del/dup TAT 6-10 days Genes: 2

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We offer family variant testing at no additional cost

for all blood relatives of patients who undergo full single gene sequencing or multigene panel testing* at Ambry Genetics and are found to have a pathogenic or likely pathogenic variant. No-cost testing of blood relatives must be completed within 90 days of the original Ambry report date.

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*excludes Secondary Findings and SNP Array tests


Test Description

BRCA1 coding exons 1-22, BRCA2 coding exons 1-26, and well into the 5’ and 3’ ends of all the introns and untranslated regions are analyzed by sequencing. Gross deletion/duplication analysis determines gene copy number for BRCA1 coding exons 1-22 and BRCA2 coding exons 1-26. Clinically significant intronic findings beyond 5 base pairs are always reported. Intronic variants of unknown or unlikely clinical significance are not reported beyond 5 base pairs from the splice junction. Genomic deoxyribonucleic acid (gDNA) is isolated from the patient’s specimen using a standardized methodology and quantified. Sequence enrichment of the targeted coding exons and adjacent intronic nucleotides is carried out by a bait-capture methodology using long biotinylated oligonucleotide probes followed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Next-Generation sequencing. Additional Sanger sequencing is performed for any regions missing or with insufficient read depth coverage for reliable heterozygous variant detection. Potentially homozygous variants, variants in regions complicated by pseudogene interference, and variant calls not satisfying depth of coverage and variant allele frequency quality thresholds are verified by Sanger sequencing. Gross deletion/duplication analysis of BRCA1 and BRCA2 using the multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) kit is also performed.

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